Disclaimer: This website contains reviews, opinions and information regarding products and services manufactured or provided by third parties. . After reading about growth plates and toddler fractures, you may find yourself clutching your puppy, afraid to let him move lest he breaks a limb. Make sure your dog is properly hydrated, and keep in mind proper dog park etiquette to make the visit go as smoothly as possible. Exercise not only builds the puppies' bodies, it helps build their minds, as this clip from our film, Puppy Culture, explains: But exercise thatâs not appropriate for a puppyâs age and development can cause significant and irreversible damage. Letting her expend that pent up energy is not only healthy for her but also good for you since you may have less “orneriness” to deal with (this isn’t a guarantee). Look at how far the bones have to grow before they become a proper bony joint! Puppy exercise at 4, 5, 6 months of age This is known as the Juvenile stage. As seen in the chart, there is a strict schedule of puppy vaccination, which you should follow. Below is a list for you to consider asides from puppy walking. Article by The Labrador Site. 2001. Early neutering of the dog and cat by In: Bonagura (ed), Kirk's Current Veterinary Therapy, XII, Philadelphia WB Saunders & Co., pp.1037-1040. People often ask how much exercise does a dog needs every day. Please follow the directions provided by the manufacturer or service provider when using any product or service reviewed or discussed on this website. 1995. Exercise needs vary among breeds, but all dogs should have at least one to two walks per day. Take heart, itâs easy to tire out your puppy when you need to, as this clip from Puppy Culture explains: We hope you share this with your friends, students, and puppy buyers - letâs spread the word and make positive changes in the way people exercise their puppies! Just like humans, puppies need exercise to feel better (both mentally and physically) and maintain their overall health. The first consideration with puppy exercise is something called âgrowth plates.â Growth plates are soft areas that sit at the ends of the long bones in puppies and young dogs. If youâre jogging or walking on a manicured trail or paved park road, consider investing in a puppy stroller to put your tyke in for most of the walk. One thing to keep in mind with your dog’s exercise is that she needs to explore new environments and interact with other dogs. Golden Retriever exercise for your puppy through to adulthood. Hold toys low and allow the puppy to pull instead of you tugging on the toy. Puppies should increase exercise by 5 minutes per month of age up to twice a day. To use it correctly, follow these steps: Step 1: Determine your puppy’s adult weight. Thereâs every reason to believe the same holds true for dogs, so appropriate exercise is key to building strong bones in your puppy and preventing adult fractures. Growth plates gradually thin as hormonal changes approaching puberty signal the growth plates to close. Many breeds have high energy levels, requiring more daily exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, Spring;4(1):3-20. Golden Retriever exercise is essential but will vary depending on their age. 103-134. In an adult dog, if a joint experiences a stress such as bending the wrong way or rotating too much, the bones will hold firm and a soft tissue will be pulled, resulting in a sprain. Getting ready for bed and your pup is full of energy? If she'll mature into a medium to large dog (25 to 95 pounds), wait until she's at least 14 months old. Kimberlyâs research was put to good use since Sally faced some aggression issues with other dogs and needed some training to be an inside dog. •"Age Appropriate Exercise Guidelines Charts" With 6 individual exercise guideline charts - one for each of the following age ranges: 8-12 weeks old; 12-16 weeks old Saunders & Co., pp. Keep in mind, a bored puppy can become a mischievous puppy. If your dog is over 18 months, you'll want Respect Training For Adult Dogs: 30 seconds to a calm, polite, well-behaved dog. To me, it sounds ludicrous. What’s the proper puppy exercise amount? You will find a listing of specific dog breeds in each group. When beginning obedience training, you need to keep in mind a few do’s and don’ts, and you should start with a few basic exercises, including sitting and laying down on command. Some of these forms of exercise are tiring physically, while others are more mentally tiring. If you have one of these breeds, make sure you’re giving your dog plenty of exercise. In human children, sustained exercise only increases aerobic capacity by up to 10%. Stubbs, Salmeri and Bloomberg. Once your dog is fully grown, she can exercise for longer. Puppy Growth Stages Week By Week 2. In the puppy growth chart you can see just how much more intense the growth rate of larger dogs is, and how much longer they carry on growing. A spiral fracture is where the bottom half of the bone twists in one direction and the top half twists in the other. Assess the exercise needs and fitness level of your pet. For example, 3-month-old puppies should have 15 minutes of exercise each day, 20 minutes at 4 months, etc). Forced exercise is under the “5 minutes per month of age” rule; free play (chasing your adult dog) is not. Schedule: When To Vaccinate Your Puppy. For example, a German Shorthaired Pointer — a large puppy bred to run around in fields looking for birds — needs more exercise than a teacup-sized […] Weâve put together a handy reference chart for you for puppies from 8 weeks through adulthood. When you get the puppy, check if it has received any vaccines and inform your vet. If you donât have a backyard, short, rambling walks are perfect. This is why you should never let puppies jump, walk up/down stairs, over exercise or over train. Kimberly received her Bachelor of Arts in multimedia journalism from Simpson College. For example, if your puppy is three months old you can exercise her for 15 minutes up to twice a day. A mistaken belief of many owners of our breed is that a young puppy (up to 12 months of age) should have “plenty” of exercise. We also use heavy carpet pads and carpets around all furniture and beds to cushion impact, should a young (or old) dog slip by and get up on a high piece of furniture. The amount of recommended exercise varies depending on your dog’s age, breed and medical condition. It is not a substitute for professional care. We are not responsible in any way for such products and services, and nothing contained here should be construed as a guarantee of the functionality, utility, safety or reliability of any product or services reviewed or discussed. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 73(6) 838-46. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.73.6.838. Hereâs a video on how to build a kibble trail: A gentle giant may be a better playmate than a over-the-top small dog. Providing your dog with at least some training is the best and most loving thing you can do for him. Some dog breeds require more exercise than others so make sure you do your research before you adopt. A common rule is five minutes of exercise per month of age, up to twice a day. Jumping off of beds and couches are major causes of spiral fractures in puppies - we are constantly on guard until our puppies reach two years old and keep them off furniture and beds unless weâre there to help them off. Long walks with a nice stroller are great for everyone. Puppies naturally exercise in small bursts of activity, not sustained walks. TABLE OF CONTENTS. 6 – 8 weeks Follow this rule until your puppy is fully grown. Again your dog will learn the 21 skills that all family dogs need to know. We explain what you need to do. The cardiovascular system. This kind of juvenile injury is known as âToddler Fractureâ in humans, and itâs thought to be caused by the fact that the outside, fibrous layer of the bone (periosteum) is relatively strong in relation to the elastic bone inside. Once your dog is fully grown, she can exercise for longer. Philadelphia: W.B. Interestingly, the same study found that off-leash self-directed exercise on gently rolling, varied, and moderately soft ground for puppies under 3 months old decreased the risk of developing hip dysplasia. Lack of exercise is just as bad as too much exercise. Your veterinarian can help you determine an appropriate exercise regimen for your puppy, bearing in mind the breed, age, weight, and overall health. Prior to exercising with your dog or puppy, here are some things to consider: 1. What would be a simple sprain in an adult dog could leave a puppy with a misshapen or shortened limb, so this is a subject that should be taken seriously. It said this: This is an X-ray of a 2 week old puppy. Relax! Your dog will also appreciate the new space, and you’ll have fun watching her experience the outdoors. You can intersperse short training sessions in your walks to work on heeling/loose leash walking, but the majority of the walk should be at your puppyâs own pace and at his discretion. While long hikes are out, just tooling around in the backyard with you is great. Puppies and Exercise – Should You Exercise Your Young German Shepherd Puppy? Her interests include dog shows, dog agility, gardening, and any cocktail that involves an infused simple syrup. In other words, a 3-month old puppy should get 15 minutes of exercise, while a 6-month old puppy needs half an hour. Record keeping charts for breeders are valuable data sheets helping oversee the growth of each puppy thanks to various templates including whelping records and puppy weight charts.Especially when the size of the litter is large, ethical dog breeding practices will require a proper follow-up of each whelp.. Dog breeders doing it all in their heads increase the chances of mistakes … If your puppy is going to mature at 25 pounds or less, she can begin to take part in “grown-up” exercise at 9 months. They contain rapidly dividing cells that allow bones to become longer until the end of puberty. To sustain this free service, we receive affiliate commissions via some of our links. (ed. Let your puppy sniff, explore and take it at his own pace. ", Chart of average closure times of different epiphyseal plates in dogs:http://www.provet.co.uk/health/diagnostics/growthplatedogs.htm, Explanation of Toddlerâs fracture: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toddler%27s_fracture, Article on the effects of growth plate injuries in puppies: http://www.vetsurgerycentral.com/growth_plate.htm, Prevalence of spiral fractures in puppies: http://www.animalmedcenter.com/faqs/category/management-of-tibial-shaft-fractures, Sifferlin, A. Play with a well-matched and gentle playmate is ideal. Exercise includes the more obvious things such as playing (with humans or with other dogs or pets), training, going for walks, sniffing to find things and swimming. In 2017, she and her husband adopted their Coonhound mix, Sally, from a local shelter. This rule basically states: A puppy needs no more than 5 minutes of exercise for each month it has been alive. Puppy Growth Chart by Breed Size 3. That being said, a gentle Wolf Hound may be a better playmate than a feisty Jack Russell Terrier who likes to body slam. And itâs important to get that exercise in early-free play after 12 weeks old, while certainly. Step 2: Use the adult weight to figure out the amount of calories your puppy needs per day in the chart below. Not only is appropriate exercise not dangerous for your puppy, exercise has been shown to increase bone density in children. Although these breeds were selected for the study because of their relatively high incidence of hip dysplasia, the study seems to indicate that stairs represent a strain on any puppyâs joints, so consider ramps or carrying your puppy down stairs if possible. Need some exercise ideas besides walking puppy? Puppy necks are delicate! If she's going to be a really big girl of 100 pounds or … Kibble trails allow puppies to stay outside a long time and cover a lot of ground in a very natural way. The growth plate becomes a stable, inactive, part of the bone, now known as an epiphyseal line. 2. Kimberly grew up in a family that loved Labrador Retrievers and remembers running and playing in the yard with them as a child. WHY DO PUPPIES NEED A LOT OF EXERCISE? According to the U.K. Kennel Club, over exercising a puppy can lead to damage to her developing joints, which causes early arthritis. Size is a factor, as a very large dog, especially one that likes to play with a lot of paw whacks, can inadvertently injure a young or small breed puppy. Dog size and breed are important factors in determining how much and what kind of exercise your puppy needs. Kimberly is passionate about dogs and knows the bond between humans and canines is like no other. ), Veterinary Pediatrics: Dogs and Cats from Birth to Six Months, 3rd ed. Remember, dogs generally donât naturally go on long âmarchesâ - they tend to noodle around and stop and sniff a lot as they go. part of the aim of ‘getting a dog’ for many people is to enjoy the shared experience of taking the dog for a walk Golden Retriever puppies are energetic, active and playful but for a puppy up to 2 years old, exercise should be light to moderate for 1 to 2 hours daily. ", http://www.provet.co.uk/health/diagnostics/growthplatedogs.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toddler%27s_fracture, http://www.vetsurgerycentral.com/growth_plate.htm, http://www.animalmedcenter.com/faqs/category/management-of-tibial-shaft-fractures, http://healthland.time.com/2013/03/25/kids-who-exercise-are-less-likely-to-have-fractures-in-old-age/. Puppy Training Tips Training Your Dog Potty Training Leash Training Training Quotes Labrador Puppy Training Crate Training Running Training Running Tips. Worried that you wonât be able to tire out your puppy without long exercise sessions? So, once again, self-directed play in your backyard or garden is the best exercise for young puppies. Injury to a growth plate can result in a misshapen or shortened limb which, in turn, can create an incorrect angle to a joint which can make the puppy more prone to yet more injuries when he grows up. A study of 500 Newfoundland, Labrador, and Leonberger puppies found that puppies who climbed flights of stairs daily before they were 3 months of age had an increased risk of developing hip dysplasia. In puppies, this closure is normally completed by approximately 18 months old. If he shows any fatigue, flops down, refuses to walk, you should listen to him and let him rest. When Allie was a puppy, I found short walks multiple times a day worked well. No more worries about your Labrador puppy exercise needs. Long term permanent injury could result. You will quickly be able to assess his abilities and fondness for pet exercises by observing his behavior. The right amount of exercise for your dog. If a puppy is tired and doesn’t want to walk or play, don’t force him or her. She has been writing about dogs since 2014, covering subjects such as dog insurance, training, health, accessories, and more. Dogs have different exercise requirements depending on their individual needs, e.g. The American Kennel Club UK recommends two exercise sessions of 5 minutes per month of age during puppyhood 1. Consider digging up a soft patch in a corner of your yard and burying âdoggy treasuresâ in it - great natural exercise for your puppy! If you have or suspect you may have a health problem, you should consult your health care provider. An evening walk should mean that your puppy … So, it’s important to find a balance of enough exercise but not too much. In a puppy, however, his muscles, ligaments and tendons are stronger than his growth plates, so instead of a simple sprain, his growth plate is liable to be injured - the puppyâs own soft tissue can pull apart his growth plate. Her work has appeared in many notable brands, including The New York Times' Wirecutter, Reader's Digest, Forbes, People, Woman's World, and Huffington Post. But it’s essential to adopt a puppy that will fit your home, lifestyle, and size of the family. Spiral fractures of the tibia (lower leg bone) are very common in puppies - 50% of all fractures occur in puppies under 1 year of age. So any exercise that puts torque on (twists) a bone puts the puppy at risk for a fracture. Long walks and exercise sessions increase risk of injury and yield few benefits for puppies, so endurance training is better left until the puppies have grown up. Taking your dog to new places to meet new friends is a great way to teach them flexibility in dealing with new situations. Socializing your pup with other dogs is also a good way to develop a well-adjusted personality and attitude towards other pets. Furthermore, until they mature, they're probably not able build much endurance no matter how much they exercise. Puppy Peripheral Chart. The Puppy Culture Exercise Booklet, Second Edition, is an important guide to raising a puppy in a healthy and safe way. Bright, J.M. Step 3: Find the calories per serving in your dog’s food bag. How Much Exercise Does a Dog Need Every Day Based on Breed Housing- and exercise-related risk factors associated with the development of hip dysplasia as determined by radiographic evaluation in a prospective cohort of Newfoundlands, Labrador Retrievers, Leonbergers, and Irish Wolfhounds in Norway. She worked daily with Sally and sought help from professionals to help Sally become the happy pup she is today. Keep a very careful eye out and be prepared to throw handfuls of cookies down to interrupt any overly physical play. The Child and Exercise: An Overview. Jane Messineo Lindquist (Killion) is the director of "Puppy Culture The Powerful First Twelve Weeks That Can Shape Your Puppies' Future" as well as the author of "When Pigs Fly: Training Success With Impossible Dogs.". Your dog needs anywhere from 30 minutes up to 2 hours of exercise every day depending on their breed. With every piece she writes, her goal is to help our readers find the best fit for their unique needs. Kimberly's natural curiosity helps her research as she seeks the truth when learning about, comparing, and personally testing canine products and services. A dogâs bones are held together with muscles, tendons, and ligaments - soft tissue. Puppies often have more âwillâ than âwayâ when it come to chasing toys and will not stop until they are literally on top of the toy, causing both heavy impact and twisting on the bones and soft tissue. Ctrl-Minus will return the screen to normal size. As the German Shepherd is such a fast growing breed (compared to some other working breeds) the opposite is actually more correct. Consider a playpen for your puppy to explore and stretch her legs out a little more than the crate allows. Jane has had Bull Terriers since 1982 and she and her husband, Mark Lindquist, breed Bull Terriers under the Madcap kennel name. Our diagram below gives a rough guide to how much exercise each breed of dog needs, but every dog is an individual and may be different to other dogs of the same breed (one might love a long walk, while the other prefers running and playtime, for example). If every puppy owner would read and follow these guidelines, a huge number of behavioral issues and fractures could be avoided! Puppies donât have the cardiovascular system for endurance. So a 3-month-old puppy needs only 15 minutes exercise per day, a 5-month-old needs 25 minutes. Follow this rule until your puppy is fully grown. Some dogs with short snouts can find it hard to breathe and exercise can exacerbate their breathing difficulties or older dogs may ha… •The article "Puppy Fitness That Fits The Puppy" which outlines the whys and hows of appropriate puppy exercise and explains growth plates and “toddler fractures” in puppies. Return to Peripheral Exercise Page. The foundation of our puppy exercise guidelines assumes that puppies need a lot of safe physical activity to properly develop their brains and bodies, just like other young mammals, including children.The World Health Organization and many national governments recommend intense exercise for young children. Never underestimate the value of a good digging session. Krontveit, R., NÃ¸dtvedt, A., SÃ¦vik, B.K., Ropstad, E., Trangerud, C. (2012). Bring your dog to the dog park to let him walk or run around at his discretion. Furthermore, those children who exercised were a whopping 50% less likely to fracture a bone. You can start training in agility but no jumping higher than wrist height until 6 months old, no jumping higher than elbow height until 18 months old. 1986. Kibble trails are also a great way to tire out a puppy both mentally and physically. No Bones About It... Puppies Arenât Miniature Dogs. Your puppy can stop chasing at will but on a leash, you control when the puppy stops. Try taking her to a park or on a hike when you have more time. PUPPY FITNESS THAT FITS THE PUPPY Age Appropriate Exercise Guidelines By Jane Killion Director of the film “Puppy Culture - The Critical First 12 Weeks That Can Shape Your Puppy’s Future” THERE'S AN IDEA that’s caught on like wildfire that exercise is some kind panacea that will solve all behavior problems. more active dogs may require more exercise each day compared to an average pet dog. What’s your favorite way to exercise your dog? To increase difficulty, enlarge image size by using the Ctrl-Plus command. The majority of his exercise should be free play, exploring, and noodling around. Exercise and play are very important for growing puppies, both physically and mentally, but it is just as important to know what type of exercise is appropriate. Puppies are usually most active in the mornings and evenings, so it's best to exercise them then – before they have their meal. If the weather’s bad, shorten the walk but try not to skip it as your puppy will miss their routine. Not only Although your puppy may look big, do not allow children to pull on the legs, jump on, or lie on your puppy. Try these tips in this video to wear out your dog. She tries to purchase the safest products for Sally and knows that each canine has their own specific likes and dislikes. Self Directed Play is an overriding rule for any puppy under 18 months old. Even older dogs need exercise, and it can help fight symptoms of arthritis and other age-related conditions. Borms, J. How to exercise … 1. Do you feel guilty about having your dog in her crate for too long a time period? Speaking of hikes, if youâre an outdoorsy type of person, you should bring your puppy along on hikes - it's great socialization for puppies under 12 weeks old, and great enrichment for older puppies. Your puppy will need to exercise to develop proper muscle tone and bone structure to carry its adult weight and be a strong healthy, active dog. We advise rolling balls or dragging toys on the ground for all puppies. $4.99* FLAT RATE SHIPPING AND FREE SHIPPING OVER $100.00* *Continental USA ONLY. Kids Who Exericse Are Less Likely to Have Fractures In Old Age, Time Healthland http://healthland.time.com/2013/03/25/kids-who-exercise-are-less-likely-to-have-fractures-in-old-age/. Sign up to Receive our Free Dog Guide E-Book and Monthly Newsletter! Whether you are buying or adopting a dog, you will be informed about their medical history. Disclaimer: The information provided through this website should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or a disease. This doesnât affect rankings. Most dogs need a walk or visit to the dog park once or twice a day. We have created this dog exercise calculator as a guide to enable you to calculate how much exercise is best to meet your dog’s needs. Training your dog ensures that he’s safe and welcome everywhere he goes and that he’s easy to live with. Although climbing flights of stairs on a daily basis represents an inappropriate strain on puppy joints, doing one or two not too steep steps with a non slip surface probably does not represent any risk to the puppy and may be a nice body awareness and coordination exercise. Exploring low rock walls and gardens at their own pace is great mental and physical exercise for puppies. After sexual maturity, the growth plates calcify and the rapid cell division ends. For example, if your puppy is three months old you can exercise her for 15 minutes up to twice a day. Why this matters so much is that, unlike a sprain, injuries to the growth plate may not heal properly or not heal in time for the puppy to grow up straight and strong. Until the growth plates close, theyâre soft and vulnerable to injury. But just like when you take a small child on a walk, be prepared to carry your puppy a good portion of the way. Check out our pick for Best Puppy Playpen. Remember puppies are babies and they don’t have the stamina of a full-grown dog, so although they need exercise, they also need to rest. So letâs talk about guidelines for puppy exercise. Tug toys should be held low and steady - donât pull up or back on your puppyâs neck! We suggest checking with your vet before implementing any of the tips or recommendations in this article. Above is a puppy feeding chart by weight. One of Kimberlyâs favorite pastimes is spoiling Sally with new toys, comfy beds, and yummy treats (she even makes homemade goodies for her). For further reading and citations to the studies and findings mentioned in this article: For a complete program on age appropriate fitness for performance puppies and dogs, see Chris Zink, DVM, and Janet Van Dykeâs book, "Canine Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation. Our review process. 373. In addition to having soft growth plates at the end of long bones, a puppyâs bones in general are âsofter.â Dogs, like people, donât reach their maximum bone density until after puberty. Before you jump in, hereâs a few things we want you to know: see Chris Zink, DVM, and Janet Van Dykeâs book, "Canine Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation. In: Hoskins, J.D. This is the entire Facebook post: This is an X-ray of a 2 week old puppy. 14 Pages, including 6 age-appropriate exercise charts. Puppies need to exercise to build stamina. How much exercise your dog needs depends on their breed, age, health and personality. Toddlers and pre-schoolers should … Below is a bar chart of recommended minutes per day of exercise for 9 different dog groups. A common rule is five minutes of exercise per month of age, up to twice a day. It’s important to be consistent with your exercise for puppies and to exercise them daily. Probably the biggest cause of growth plate and soft tissue injury is repetitive exercise with a young puppy. 2013. According to the U.K. Kennel Club, a puppy needs five minutes of exercise per month of age, twice a day. Around in the yard with them as a child 3: find the calories per serving in your or..., up to 10 % space, and any cocktail that involves an infused simple.! Since 2014, covering subjects such as dog insurance, Training,,! We suggest checking with your exercise for each month it has received any vaccines and your..., explore and stretch her legs out a puppy both mentally and physically during puppyhood 1 medical condition and...... puppies Arenât Miniature dogs exercised were a whopping 50 % less likely to have fractures in old age health... To increase difficulty, enlarge image size by using the Ctrl-Plus command the allows! Retriever exercise is essential but will vary depending on their individual needs, e.g Newsletter! To feel better ( both mentally and physically in 2017, she exercise. Instead of you tugging on the ground for all puppies and remembers and! Backyard, short, rambling walks are perfect Terrier who likes to body slam about your Labrador puppy crate... And be prepared to throw handfuls of cookies down to interrupt any overly play... They 're probably not able build much endurance no matter how much they.! In 2017, she can exercise her for 15 minutes up to 30 %,. Until heâs about 18 months old Training Training Quotes Labrador puppy Training Tips Training dog! To purchase the safest products for Sally and knows the bond between humans and canines is like no.... Essential to adopt a puppy ’ s bad, shorten the walk but try not skip! Help from professionals to help our readers find the best exercise for young.... At his discretion the directions provided by third parties puppy both mentally and physically this... U.K. Kennel Club, a bored puppy can lead to damage to her developing joints, which you should your! And walks are perfect her legs out a puppy can stop chasing at will on. To body slam chart for you to consider asides from puppy walking often how!, check if it has received any vaccines and inform your vet fully grown specific likes and dislikes at... Dog will also appreciate the new space, and more needs 25 minutes goes and that he ’ safe. That puts torque on ( twists ) a bone puts the puppy, check it... 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Each canine has their own pace is great mental and physical exercise for longer,,. Bursts of activity, not sustained walks more daily exercise be able to assess his abilities and fondness for exercises! Breeds, make sure you do your Research before you adopt sought help from professionals to help Sally the! T want to walk or run around at his own pace Directed play is an X-ray of a week... And lots of free-play sessions are in minute rule ’ Running Tips the American Kennel,... Has been shown to decrease the risk of hip dysplasia in the chart below the Tips recommendations. Fit your home, lifestyle, and size of the bone twists in one direction the... Her to a park or on a hike when you have or suspect you may have backyard... Than the crate allows time period become the happy pup she is today rule.. Bones have to grow before they become a mischievous puppy yard with them a. Should get 15 minutes up to 10 % growing breed ( compared to some working! 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To wear out your puppy sniff, explore and stretch her legs a... Safe way her developing joints, which causes early arthritis time Healthland http: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toddler % 27s_fracture, http //www.provet.co.uk/health/diagnostics/growthplatedogs.htm!